How does Climate affect the region?
Climate defines the growing seasons of the region. It is responsible for factors such as humidity, wind and temperature variations as well as the seasons experienced by the region. From the point of growing grapes – climate can affect the grape varieties grown as well as the viticulture practices carried by the winery present in the region.
You must have often heard that the region having maritime climate, so, what does it mean? The answer to this question is hidden in the word maritime. It comes from the latin word ‘maritimus’ meaning sea. The region that has maritime climate are those that are close to the sea. The water body can be ocean or an estuary (water body having two or more rivers flowing into it)
To understand maritime climate better, one must understand the other two major climates – Mediterranean and continental climate. The Mediterranean climate tends to have long growing season with moderate to warm temperatures and slight seasonal changes. On the other hand, continental climates tend to have hot summers and cold winters with major seasonal changes. Maritime climate tends to fall between these two climates.
Problem with the maritime climate on the region is the occurrence of excessive rain and humidity often leads to various viticultural hazards such as mold and mildew which may damage the vines.
The grape varieties that thrive in maritime climate are Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir.
Some regions can also have a microclimate which is for the small area the climatic conditions differ from the surrounding region. The area can be spanned in few square feet to few kms in size.
Major Wine Regions of Australia with Maritime Climate
Some of the wine regions of Australia with the maritime climate are Alpine Valley in Victoria, Grampians in Victoria, Granite belt in Queensland, Heathcote wine region in Victoria, Langhorne Creek in South Australia, Mudgee Highlands and Orange region in New South Wales and Tasmania.