The Different Types of Sweet Wines – A Quick Review

To begin with, sweetness in a wine comes from sugar in the grape juice. When fermentation is allowed to continue to a point where the sugar is exhausted in a wine, it becomes a dry wine. Similarly, if fermentation is stopped before the yeast consumes all the sugar in a wine, the drink shows sweetness. Remember that any wine can be made dry or sweet. Just because Cabernet Sauvignon is usually dry, doesn’t mean that it can’t be made sweet. That said, wines like late harvest Riesling are generally sweet. Let us discuss some of the popular types of sweet wines.

sweet-wine-types

  • Richly Sweet Dessert Wines – For one, remember that a sweet wine doesn’t mean that it’s going to be sickeningly sweet. The sweetness is balanced by a good dose of acidity. These wines include noble rot wines, that are produced using Botrytis cinerea, a spore. This might sound unusual to those who have never tried these wines, but the fungus adds a beautiful honey dimension to the wine. This category also includes late harvest wines, which are much simpler to understand. Harvesting the grapes late means that they stay on the vine longer, and become sweeter as they ripen.

 

  • Lightly Sweet Dessert Wines – Perfect for a hot summer day, these refreshing wines pair wonderfully with spicier cuisines such as Indian. Chances are you have had a lightly sweet wine already if you are a wine aficionado. These include Gewürztraminer, which flaunts a flavour profile marked by rose petal and lychee characters. Riesling can also be produced in a lightly sweet style. The grape has a high natural acidity, that cuts through the sweetness on the palate. Similarly, Chenin Blanc is often produced in a sweeter style too, but this is usually true in the US.
  • Sweet Red Wines – The last category in this list of types of sweet wines is sweet reds. Sadly on a decline, many of these are worth a try! Italy produces a lot of sweet reds, including the world-renowned Lambrusco.

 

There are so many ways a wine can be crafted. Why not enjoy them all?

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Dive into 20 Popular Types of Wine Grapes

With a wide variety available in different types of wine grapes out there, it’s not an easy thing for a novice to know all wines by names. To benefit them, we have collected 20 popular types of wine grapes to find wines from various regions. To make it easier and simpler, we are not getting into the regions part and just have featured the popular varieties of grapes, along with the red and white categories that might help you to begin.types-of-wine-grapes

Red Wines White Wines
Cabernet Franc Chardonnay
Cabernet Sauvignon Gewurztraminer
Carmenere Muscat
Grenache Pinot Grigio / Gris
Malbec Riesling
Merlot Sauvignon Blanc
Nebbiolo Semillon
Pinotage Viognier
Pinot Noir
Shiraz / Syrah
Tempranillo
Zinfandel


Some Related Info on Wines for Beginners

  1. A wine is called a single varietal when only one variety is mentioned on the bottle in Capitals (such as Chardonnay or Pinot Gris). A wine is called a blend when two or more grapes are used to craft that wine.
  2. The wine will be rich in varietal flavours if the name of the grape variety is mentioned on the bottle. The wines featuring region will portray regional characters of the grape variety. On the other hand, if a wine bottle features the grape variety as well as the region from where the majority of the fruit was sourced, it will have the flavours of both the variety and the region.
  3. The vintage year displayed on the bottle is the year when the wine was bottled and not the year when the grapes were harvested. It may take many months or even years for a wine to ferment and develop the desired taste and characters.
  4. The wine keeps on changing even after it is bottled due to the residual sugars and tannins present in the grape.
  5. Every wine has a different cellar potential. The cellar potential or how long a wine can be stored depends on the variety of grape and the region from where it comes. Most wine labels feature the ageing potential on the bottle’s back.

Understanding Wine Names: A General Guide

For a vast majority of wines, you would have noted that their names are the same as the grape variety used to produce them. Today, we will discuss those names of wine in a greater detail.

Understanding-Wine-Names-A-General-Guide

  1. As stated earlier, varietal wines are named on the grape variety used to manufacture them. For example, a wine produced using Chardonnay grapes is simply referred to as Chardonnay, one developed using Shiraz/Syrah grapes is simply called Shiraz/Syrah, and so on.
  2. The names of blended wines contain the names of both the grape varieties, in cases where the blend contains two grapes. For example, a blended wine crafted using Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grapes is known as Cabernet Merlot. Similarly, a blend of Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon grapes is called Sémillon Sauvignon Blanc. With wines containing more than two grapes, the name would end up becoming too lengthy if it were to contain all the names. Hence, a blend of Grenache, Shiraz and Mourvèdre grapes is abbreviated to GSM.
  3. The names of sparkling wines are a whole new world in themselves. The globally-renowned bubbly, Champagne, comes from the Champagne region of France. (Hopefully this also helps to bust any myth about any other country producing Champagne! Even if a bubbly is produced the same way as a Champagne, but outside the Champagne region, it would be labelled a sparkling wine. On another note, a sparkling called blanc de blancs is produced using Chardonnay grapes. You might often also spot words like brut on a sparkling bottle. They are aimed at informing about the sweetness in the wine. Brut refers to a dry wine, while demi sec means a sweet one.
  4. Just like the previous category, the names of fortified wines are complex. Port is a fortified red wine from Portugal. The world-famous Sherry, made with white grapes, hails from Spain. Fortified wines from other countries would sometimes bear the word tawny in their names, referring to an orange-brown/ amber coloured, oak-aged wine.
  5. The names of rosé wines sometimes contain the name of the grape used to produce them, but this is not always the case.

Concluding

Please note that this is not an all-inclusive directory on names of wine and the aim with the above information is to have a general guide on the subject. Apart from the names, you should also remember to indulge in the beauty of these fabulous wines! Cheers!

White Wine: Popular Types, Regions and Their Pronunciations

Explore popular white wine types until you find the one that tempts your taste buds. Though considered white, these white wines are very different from each other in terms of colour, aromas, and palate. This page discusses white wine styles by a variety of names, popular wine regions where they are mostly grown in Australia, and how to pronounce them right.

white-wine-types

Chardonnay [shahr-dn-ey]

Chardonnay grows mainly in Riverland, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverina, Padthaway, and Adelaide Hills.

Gewurztraminer [guh-voo rts-truh-mee-ner]

Also called as Traminer, this white wine variety is grown widely in Riverina, Riverland, Big Rivers zone other, Padthaway, and Langhorne Creek.

Chenin Blanc [shen-in blahngk]

Chenin Blanc is planted well in Riverland, Swan District, Margaret River, Riverina, and Murray Darling – Swan Hill.

Colombard [kol-uh m-bahrd]

Columbard is widely planted in Riverland, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverina, Lower Murray zone, and Adelaide Plains

Marsanne [mɑh-say-n]

Riverina, Goulburn Valley, Barossa Valley, Heathcote, and Big Rivers zone are top five regions where Marsanne was mainly crushed in 2017.

Muscat [muhs-kuh-t]

Riverina, Riverland, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Big Rivers zone, and Barossa Valley showed a huge success in Muscat variety.

Pinot Grigio [Pee-no gree-zo]

Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverina, King Valley, Adelaide Hills, and Riverland are top five regions showing growth in Pinot Grigio.

Riesling [reez-ling]

Top five regions where Riesling was highly crushed last year include Clare Valley, Eden Valley, Riverina, Riverland, and Langhorne Creek.

Sauvignon Blanc [soh-vin-yohn blahngk]

Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverland, Riverina, Adelaide Hills, and Margaret River topped the crushing of SB in 2017.

Semillon [sey-mee-yohn]

Riverina, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverland, Margaret River, and Barossa Valley are major regions where a really large quantity of Semillon was crushed last year.

Verdelho [vehr-DEH-lyoh]

Riverina, Riverland, Swan District, Hunter, and Murray Darling – Swan Hill wine regions produced a huge quantity of Verdelho wines in 2017.

Vermentino [ver-mehn-TEE-noh]

Riverland, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Riverina, Barossa Valley, and Heathcote were the top regions for Vermentino crush.

Viognier [VI-og-nier]

Riverland, Riverina, Murray Darling – Swan Hill, Barossa Valley, and Eden Valley are five regions where Viognier wine was highly produced in 2017.

The Basics of Red Wine Types You Should Know

From the eclectic lush greens and cool climates of Southern Australia to the warmer states of Western and Northern Australia, red wines are produced almost everywhere in this smallest continent of the world. Here are some basics that will help you to identify the red wine types of Australia.

red-wine-types

The Grape Variety

The dominant grape variety listed on the label is what designates the type to a wine. Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Malbec, Grenache, and Tempranillo are some famous varieties used for making wine types red.

Cool Climate and Warm Climate Wines

The regions experiencing cool climate produce varieties that have different flavours when compared to those from warmer regions. Influenced by higher elevations, water bodies and sunlight, the cool climate wines are low on tannins and alcohol. Gamay and Pinot Noir are the two popular cool-climate red wine types. On the other side, the warm climate wines have deeper red colour, higher alcohol contents, and are more tannic. Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache and Mourvedre are warm-climate red wine types.

Single Varietals and Blended Wines

Single varietals are the wines made from 100% fruit of a single variety. Blended wines are crafted from two or more than two grape varieties. Most of the New World wines are named after the variety or varieties used to craft a wine, while the Old World utilises the region in the name of the wine. Australian wines use both region and the variety to provide clarity about the wine specifications. For example, the wine crafted from Shiraz and Merlot from Barossa Valley will have Shiraz Merlot Barossa Valley featured on its label.

The Impact of Terroir

The structure of the soil and the climatic conditions define the terroir of a region. The impact of a terroir can be easily noticed in the wines produced in that particular region. The adaptability of grape vines to the climate of the region along with the viticultural practices followed by the wine producer determines the aromas, flavours and tannins of the wine. A red wine type which produces light-bodied wine in one part of a country can produce medium bodied wine in another region of the same country or vice versa. Both red wine types will have different tastes as well. This all happens because of the varied terroirs.

Tips for a wine date

Why do people drink wine on dates? This might be because wine symbolizes love and make the day seem more romantic. However, while on date one should be careful not to spoil it. Here are few tips to keep in mind while on the romantic date –

  • Don’t order wine by your own but ask your date what would he/she like to have.
  • Order food that pairs well with wine. You can ask for help from wine waiter on which food will compliment best with your wine
  • Do not overdo on your drinks. Drink slowly. The main purpose should be to enjoy the evening.
  • Do not overthink. Keep the conversation light and easy for both while enjoying the wine.  Let the conversation built up. And Remember –
  • Wine-Quote-Theres-a-built-in-romance-to-wine

 

 

Wine Quote – Igniting the passion

Wine Quote Igniting-the-passions

 

Wine has been used by writers to put their creative juices to action for centuries.  So, how does wine help in enhancing the creativity?

Wine lets your mind wander and help in finding the alternative solutions. It can help in searching for the solution that might have been locked or hidden in the deeper recesses of the mind.

So, the next time you are stuck on a problem, relax and take a sip of wine and let the wine work its magic!

Wine-Quote--wine-makes-all-things-possible